Life

Poachers Poison 14 Elephants in Zimbabwe

The Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority reports that 14 elephants have been poisoned by cyanide – 11 in Hwange National Park (the same site of the Cecil the Lion killing) and 3 in Matusadona National Park in western Zimbabwe. The Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority and Zimbabwean police have arrested five suspects.

Not the first time

In 2013, about 300 elephants were poisoned in Hwange National Park. Cyanide is easy to get in Zimbabwe because there are so many mines in the country. It is a quiet method of killing and does not bring the same attention than gunshots do; this allows poachers to make a quick getaway.

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It was a deliberate attack

A source in the National Parks Office says that the attack in Matusadona was deliberate. It was likely carried out with orange peels laced with cyanide. The elephants in Hwange were poisoned using a salt lick laced with cyanide.

Several of their tusks were removed

Four of the elephants had their tusks removed. Others still had them attached, so the poachers were probably interrupted. The rest were too young to have grown tusks, with the youngest being 3 months old, the office said.

A silent killer

Carel Verhoef, a professional African guide, says that cyanide poisoning is a horrible way to die. It affects the body’s breathing and functionality until one dies of suffocation. Elephants are very intelligent and family-oriented creatures, so attacks like these are devastating to their communities.

“It would be extremely disruptive to the herd and its structure,” Verhoef said. “If these elephants were part of a breeding herd and the adult cows died, then the sub-adults would not have any structure and the chances are high that they will become ‘problem’ elephants.”

Collateral damages

Moreover, the poisoning will affect the entire ecosystem of the parks. “If the salt licks were poisoned, then other animals would have died, so it would affect the whole ecosystem,” Verhoef said. Poisoned vultures and impalas were found on the scene too.

The elephant population in Africa is shrinking

“Elephants reason and think and are identical to us,” Dame Daphne Sheldrick, of the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust said.  “They mourn and grieve just like us. So they understand that poaching is a growing problem, they see death and destruction every day.” There are currently about 400,000 elephants in Africa. Sheldrick says an elephant dies every 15 minutes.

SEE ALSO: Kenya Takes A Big Step in Protecting Elephants From Poaching.





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